What is epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain that causes seizures.
There are two main types of seizures: focal seizures and generalized seizures.
Focal seizures occur in one part of the brain, while generalized seizures occur throughout the brain.
People with epilepsy may have a single seizure or several seizures per day.
Seizures can be mild or severe and can interfere with a person’s daily life.
Epilepsy is usually diagnosed after a doctor has ruled out other possible causes for the person’s symptoms.
What are the different types of seizures?
There are many types of seizures, but they all share some common features. Each type of seizure is caused by a different set of neurological events in the brain.
Here are some of the most common types of seizures:
Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) are the most common type of seizure and involve sudden, uncontrolled muscle contractions throughout the body. They can affect any part of the body, including the eyes, mouth, and heart. GTCS can last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes.
Partial or focal seizures are a subset of GTCS that involve only one part of the body (usually one side). Partial seizures usually last for just a few seconds and don’t usually cause any lasting damage. Focal seizures are more serious and can lead to long-term disability or death if not treated quickly. They often start with a “premonitory” sensation, such as feeling like someone is standing behind you or seeing something before it happens.
Absence seizures are characterized by sudden interruptions in consciousness accompanied by an absence (or partial absence) of normal motor activity on
Causes of Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain that causes seizures. There are many causes of epilepsy, but the most common is genetic. Epilepsy can also be caused by head injuries, brain tumors, and drugs (like lithium and valproate). Some people with epilepsy never have a single seizure, while others have dozens or even hundreds over their lifetime.
Treatment for Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects 3-5 million people in the United States. It is a condition in which seizures occur repeatedly, without any known cause. There are two main types of epilepsy, focal (localized) epilepsy and general (non-focal) epilepsy. Epilepsy can be treated with a variety of medications and therapies. Seizures can also be controlled with seizure medications, electrical stimulation, or brain surgery.